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Java Institute JOURNAL
 
Research News   26 September, 2018
 
In General obstacle avoidance can be effectively done with several robot sensors including infrared.
In General obstacle avoidance can be effectively done with several robot sensors including infrared.
In General obstacle avoidance can be effectively done with several robot sensors including infrared.
In General obstacle avoidance can be effectively done with several robot sensors including infrared.
       
 
Obstacle Avoiding Robot
General obstacle avoidance can be effectively done with several robot sensors including infrared, sonar, or laser. However this requires that a robot be comprised with such sensors. Instead, we are focused on robots that have sight as their main sensor .For such robots, modelling all possible obstacles for detection and avoidance is not practical



 

 

Robot Name

Obstacle Avoiding Robot

Introduction

 

In General obstacle avoidance can be effectively done

With several robot sensors including infrared, sonar, or laser. However this requires that a robot be comprised with such sensors. Instead, we are focused on robots that have sight as their main sensor .For such robots, modelling all possible obstacles for detection and avoidance is not practical. In this Project, it is contributed with an algorithm that allows for a vision algorithm to behave similarly to a sonar sensor. Therefore it’s called   “Visual Perception sensor or sight”. With ultrasonic sonar sensor, the robot is capable of effectively detecting or seeing modelled 3D objects in the physical world while also avoiding any other obstacle. The staple technical contributions of sophisticated visual sonar algorithm consist of vision algorithms to detect obstacles, partial identification of obstacles, and fast algorithms to update a “circularized or radial map” of the environment. The robot can then use the centralized map for its behaviours, in particular for general obstacle avoidance. The robot effectively computes and judge the open areas without obstacles and then can move back and forth these open areas. Visual sonar is robust to different backgrounds, the robot being capable of being trained on different backgrounds.

 

Technical Description

 

It is contributed to a quick system for avoiding unknown obstacles on a mobile automaton employing an eye because the solely detector. The vision module detects objects, each far-famed and unknown, round the automaton. Unknown objects square measure detected by being attentive to occlusions of a floor of far-famed colours. Vary and angle to the objects is calculated and accustomed produce a radial Model of the robot’s locality. This modelling element keeps tracks of objects that square measure presently outside the sector of read of the sensor permitting the automaton to avoid obstacles it's not presently viewing. It is tend to show the effectiveness of the vision and modelling algorithms by making a straightforward behaviour that wanders around whereas avoiding obstacles.

 

Electronic Components (incl. circuit boards, software)

robot_arm_table_pic

 

Sonar module

DC Motors

L293D IC

Jumper Wires

USB cable

Arduino

AA batteries

Arduino IDE

 

Smart Motor Robot Car Battery Box Chassis Kit.

 

 

Future Development

 

Advanced Autonomous Robots 

Common Uses

For the purpose of academic demonstrations of prototyping of robots  

 

Concept

Ultrasonic based object detections

 

Industrial Uses of Concept

 

Autonomous vehicles  , safety applications

Developing Team Members

 

 

Creating Steps

1)    Identifying the specifications

2)    Robot Build List

3)    Robot Assembly

4)    Wiring

5)    Programme the MCU

6)    Test and Tune

 

 

Development Cost

 

As an overall cost for the project can be managed within 2500 LKR